The NGO and Academic ICANN Study (NAIS)
Reports Statements Meetings/Workshops Links
The NGO and Academic ICANN Study (NAIS) was an international project
to review the nature of public representation in the Internet's domain
name management organization, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN).
Over fifteen months of activity, the NAIS team played a number of
different roles in the debate over ICANN's structure and governance. In
August 2001, NAIS issued its major report on ICANN, entitled
ICANN, Legitimacy, and the Public Voice: Making Global Participation and Representation Work.
The report - the only one of its kind - examined the 2000 At-Large
election at every level, from local and regional organizing to central
coordination provided by ICANN. A significant number of conclusions and
recommendations were made, which we believe to be of continuing
relevance to the ICANN community.
NAIS also played important advocacy and coalition building roles at
ICANN, working in parallel with ICANN's At-Large Study Committee and
encouraging convergence around critical principles of public interest
representation. NAIS also worked to educate and lobby the ICANN Board
on issues of public interest importance.
Finally, NAIS undertook significant outreach activities, especially
relating to its August report. NAIS members made contact with key ICANN
participants in their home regions, assembling a wide diversity of
perspectives on ICANN and on the elections and identifying priorities
and requirements for future attempts at representing the public
During its work, the NAIS team assembled a substantial body of work
exploring ICANN and its responsibility to incorporate the public voice
in its activities. Those documents have been archived on this site. All
documents are © 2001/2002 the NGO and Academic ICANN Study, and may be
freely distributed with attribution. Use the links above for quick
The NAIS team began as an ad hoc effort in November 2000 by a
global group of researchers to study the 2000 At-Large Election and to
answer tough questions about the importance of public representation in
ICANN's activities. The project broke new ground for ICANN, and for the
study of Internet management in general, by assembling an active and
geographically diverse coalition of experts:
- Clement Dzidonu, President and CEO, International Institute for Information Technology (INIIT), Ghana
- Alan Levin, Director/Futurist, Future Perfect, South Africa
- North America
- South America
Success in a future career mainly depends on college. Success in college depends largely on academic performance. Studying is an important part of excelling at college studies. Students must learn, hone, and apply study skills in order to enhance their academic performance. Students can improve their performance enormously be developing good study habits.
When doing homework, choose a special study area. Choose a location that is quiet and away from distractions like loud music, television, or conversations. Make sure the lighting is conducive for reading to avoid eyestrain and headaches. Be consistent in studying; set aside a specific time each day. Have all of your supplies readily available. Make a priority list of which assignments need to be completed, and break down lengthier assignments into sections to help complete in a timely fashion.
Keep an assignment notebook. Keeping track of assignments in your head can be dangerous because it is likely you will forget important details. Instead, have a designated notebook to write down all of your assignments. Each assignment could include the name of the subject, details of the assignments, the date the teacher gave the assignment, and the date when the assignment is due.
The one thing the student does not want to do is leave the classroom without the full understanding and instructions of an assignment. Comprehending an assignment depends on the student's ability to follow directions. Generally, college teachers give oral assignments so it is imperative that the student listens carefully to what is being said and follows the following guidelines.
First, be sure to write down the directions exactly as you hear them. Take note of what steps are involved in the assignment and arrange them in order by which you are to complete the assignment. Listen for key words that help you understand how to complete the assignment - words like read, write, organize, and memorize. If you are unclear about the spoken directions, ask the teacher to further explain.
If not spoken, directions are made available in written form, including the chalkboard, overhead transparencies, or handouts. With all the information in hand, you need only focus in on a few things. Read all of the directions before you start the assignment. Ask any questions that are not covered in the directions before you leave the classroom. Before starting the project, divide the assignment into steps and put them logical order. Collect needed materials before beginning the assignment.
When taking notes in class, students may find it helpful to write notes in an outline format. This requires writing out the main idea and then beneath the main idea bullet, supporting and related information. When reviewing the outline at study time, summarize the notes by writing them out in a paragraph format. Writing reinforces your memory of what you have learned.
The NAIS group held internal meetings at all the ICANN public
meetings from November 2000 to March 2002 (Marina del Rey, Melbourne,
Stockholm, Montevideo, Marina del Rey, Accra). The group also conducted
working retreats in New York (May 2001) and Washington, DC (July 2001).
© 2001 NAISProject.org